March 21, 2020

How Does The Coronavirus Spread?

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Coronavirus spreads from one person to another. Anybody who comes as close as 6-feet or less to an infected person is at high risk of getting the virus.

The virus is normally transmitted as respiratory droplets produced during sneezing or coughing. These droplets can easily land on the mouths and noses of other people who are closeby. These droplets can also be inhaled into the lungs which further amplifies the risk factors.

Can The Virus Spread Through A Person Who is Not-Sick?

So far it’s believed that the virus spreads primarily through those who are the sickest following exposure to the virus. However, as discussed earlier, at times the symptoms may take time to appear and in this period the virus may transfer, though the chances are very less, from the not yet sick person to a new person.

What Are The Preventive Measures?

First and foremost, it is imperative that one maintains good self-hygiene and self-isolation. Across all countries where the disease has appeared, governments have released advisories for social distancing, work from home for employees, the lockdown of areas where the disease has appeared, etc.

Watch Video – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

While the best that anybody can do is to strictly adhere to government strategies for curbing the pandemic, they must also follow these protective measures.

  1. Wash your hands as frequently as you can (for at least 20 seconds)
  2. Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth unless your hands are washed properly with an alcohol-based sanitizer.
  3. Maintain basic respiratory hygiene such as if you sneeze or cough, cover your mouth and nose with a tissue.
  4. Don’t throw away face masks or tissues casually. Instead, burn or dispose of them properly.
  5. Seek immediate medical care if you have a fever, cough, or cold.
  6. Eat thoroughly cooked food and meat.
  7. Keep in touch with your doctor even if you have no symptoms of Coronavirus.
  8. Don’t panic, but stay informed.

What Are The Early-Symptoms?

Data from Wuhan and other Coronavirus epicenters show that the majority of the Coronavirus patients exhibit low to mild symptoms. Most also recover within a few week’s time. The common symptoms for Coronavirus include:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Runny nose
  • Sore throat
  • Shortness in-breath and breathing difficulties

In more pronounced but fewer cases, patients suffer from an illness like pneumonia, SARS, MERS, and may even face death.

You can get all the updates regardings Coronavirus in India at the official website of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

What About Those Who Have Successfully Recovered?

Perhaps the only good news in this hour of the global crisis is the fact that the recovery rate is pretty high from Coronavirus. People who have recovered from COVID-19 are unlikely to get reinfected. But this has not been confirmed yet.

Hence people who have recovered from Coronavirus must refrain from social gatherings for a month or so. Self-isolation coupled with regular visits to the doctor to ensure there are no respiratory issues as well as all preventive measures are taken to restore healthy lung functions.

What Can We Learn From Other Countries?

Unlike in January when coronavirus data was limited, today as the pandemic reaches new shores each day, we have data from all over the world that offers insights about the disease. 

  • Coronavirus can infect men and women alike.
  • Adults exhibit more serious symptoms of Coronavirus
  • Most cases of coronavirus are mild in nature
  • Most people recover from Covid-19
  • Elderly people are most susceptible to coronavirus.
  • People who have a long history of illness are easy victims for coronavirus

The Lessons Learnt So Far

Precaution is the best defense against coronavirus. Do not ignore symptoms like shortness of breath and call your doctor immediately. But most importantly, show empathy towards those who are already being affected and are being quarantined presently. Stay informed and share verified information with friends and family. Wash your hands regularly, wear a mask when you go out, and encourage everyone else around you to do the same.

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